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Nanoparticle Cancer Treatment

 
Nanoparticle Cancer Treatment

Nanoparticle Cancer Treatment


Nano-technology has many applications in medicine, not least of which in cancer treatment, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has developed a new process that has improved the effectiveness of some cancer treatments by a factor of 40.

The process utilises two kinds of nanoparticles: one to find the tumors, the other to destroy them. The Scouting nano-particles seek out the site of the tumor, and then call the delivery nanoparticles which increase the amount of medicine that reaches the tumors.

The scouting nano-particles (gold nanorods) enter the pores of tumors and heat up enough to cause a blood clotting reaction. Then the delivery nano-particles attach themselves to an enzyme called Factor XIII, which is attracted to the site of the tumor during the clotting process.

The process is currently in its early phases and needs to be improved and perfected, especially because cancer patients are so prone to clotting all over their bodies, and the delivery nanoparticles will need to distinguish between tumor clots and normal clots.


   

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